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LAST UPDATED: 22 November 2014

The Cipangan Project

This is an ongoing outline for a proposed open source linguistic research study to trace the linguistic origins of the Japanese language.
Please note: I am entirely unable to do this project personally, but I am publishing this outline with the hope that competent linguists could put this kind of project together.

REASON FOR THIS PROJECT

First things first. Why am I calling this the "Cipangan Project" rather than "Japan Project?"

See the wikipedia entry:

As mentioned above, the English word Japan has a circuitous derivation; but linguists believe it derives in part from the Portuguese recording of the early Mandarin Chinese or Wu Chinese word for Japan: Cipan (日本), which is rendered in pinyin as Rìběn, and literally translates to "sun origin". Guó is Chinese for "realm" or "kingdom", so it could alternatively be rendered as Cipan-guo.

Cipangu was first mentioned in Europe in the accounts of the travels of Marco Polo. It appears for the first time on a European map with the Fra Mauro map in 1457, although it appears much earlier on Chinese and Korean maps such as the Kangnido. Following the accounts of Marco Polo, Cipangu was thought to be fabulously rich in silver and gold, which in Medieval times was largely correct, owing to the volcanism of the islands and the possibility to access precious ores without resorting to (unavailable) deep-mining technologies.

The modern Shanghainese pronunciation of Japan is Zeppen [zəʔpən]. In modern Japanese, Cipangu is transliterated as ジパング which in turn can be transliterated into English as Jipangu, Zipangu, Jipang, or Zipang. Jipangu (ジパング) as an obfuscated name for Japan has recently come into vogue for Japanese films, anime, video games, etc.

This project should be entirely unneeded.

 

 

OUTLINE OF RESEARCH

Resources

PALEO-SIBERIAN ANCESTORS OF THE JAPANESE

Ainu Grammar

Ainu Forum 

Ainu Dictionary

The Genetic Relationship of the Ainu Language

 

 

AUSTRONESIAN ANCESTORS OF THE JAPANESE

Austronesian BasicVocabulary  

Austronesian Ethnologue

Indonesian 

Indonesian 101 

Indonesian Dict  

Indonesian Forum

Tagalog

Northern Philippines Languages

Ivatan 

Babuyan

Ilokano

Ilokano Dictionary

Ilokano Book

Taiwan Language Map 

Taiwan Languages 

Formosan Languages

Yami 

Paiwan

Atayal

Hawaiian

Maori

 

 

 

KOREAN ANCESTORS OF THE JAPANESE

Goguryeo (same root as Baekje aka Kudara)

Middle Korean

Old Japanese

Essay on Ainu, Austronesian & Korean Origin of JP

Essay Interpreting Kojiki, NihonShoki in Korean Context

Igram 

Jim Breen 

3Yen 

Tae Kim 

Kelly

MIT Free Course 

MITJPLinguisticsCourse   

Tests

Japanese Forum

Kojiki

Nihonshoki 

 

 

RYUKYUAN LANGUAGES: TEST LAB OF KOREAN AND AUSTRONESIAN HYBRIDIZATION

Ryukyuan

Okinawan

Amami 

Kunigami 

Miyako 

Yaeyama 

Yonaguni 

Introduction to the Okinawan Language

Okinawan Educational CD

Ryukyuan Heritage Language Society

Okinawan-English Wordbook